Indian Space Policy 2023-Vision, Strategy, Merits, Aims and guide

In April 2023, the Government of India launched its new Space Policy to ensure a transition towards enhanced Non-Government Entities (NGEs) participation. It also promotes the role of the government to provide regulatory certainty to all the stakeholders in the Indian space domain.

In this article, we will discuss how the new space policy shapes the Indian space domain and is beneficial for the overall transformation of space innovation and related organisations. After all, it should contribute to making India a global leader in the space sector which is about to reach $1 trillion in revenue by 2040.

Aim of Indian Space Policy, 2023

  1. The policy aims to increase the commercial presence in the space reducing the burden, especially on ISRO and DRDO in defence innovation and related activities.
  2. Development of Cutting Edge Space Technology and the budding of new and allied areas related to the space sector.
  3. Space is the 4th domain of war and diplomacy. Thus, pursuing international relations through this space policy.
  4. Space applications are commercial as well as time-saving. Thus there should be effective implementation of space applications inclusive of all stakeholders.

Plan of Action

To promote the private sector in space planning, GOI has made it free for Indian space consumers to procure any space technology or service from any entity of their choice whether public or private. Hence, the GOI attempts to encourage Advanced Research and Development in the area and provide essential public goods by using space technology.

The government also desires to play an effective regulatory role for the non-government entities in the space sector through IN-SPACe. This ranges from providing space-related education and awareness to supporting space-related start-ups. This would make space a driver of innovation and lead to a domino effect in other sectors of the economy.

Jurisdiction of Policy

The Indian space policy, 2023 applies to any space activity to and from Indian territory or jurisdiction of India including the limits of its exclusive economic zone (EEZ). The GOI can also provide exemptions on case to case basis.

Department of Space (DOS)

DOS controlled by the Prime Minister of India will be the nodal department for the implementation of the Indian Space Policy-2023 through its policy directions. It will ensure the fair distribution of responsibilities and effective coordination between all stakeholders. there should be no overlap in the functions of the stakeholders.

It will participate in international efforts to critical remote sensing satellite data for disaster management and fulfilment of sustainable development goals. Above all, it will ensure a continuous supply of improved earth observation capability and data to fulfil national requirements.

it will ensure compatibility and interoperability in the Indian navigation system and compliance
with relevant international space debris mitigation guidelines. Also, it is entitled to create mechanisms to tackle any dispute arising out of space activities as per laws.

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

ISRO is the national space agency and will primarily work towards research and development in the sphere of space. It would be done through carrying out applied research and development on newer systems and sharing technology and best practices among various stakeholders.

It will also enable open data access from the remote sensing satellite of ISRO. Data of GDS 5 or more shall be made freely and openly accessible to all while the data less than GDS 5 will be available free only to government entities. Data less than GDS 5 will be shared with NGEs at fair and transparent prices.

The archived satellite data and satellite-derived thematic data from remote sensing satellites of ISRO on a ‘free and open’ basis shall be made available. This will be done based on the ‘as is where is’ condition for value addition and research and development.

ISRO will tend to give up the manufacturing business of the existing space system and will aim for more collaborative and partnership-based relationships with both academia and industry.

Non-Government Entities (NGEs)

NGEs will be allowed to take not just assembly projects but also the end to end projects so that there could be effective growth of NGEs. They would be allowed to own their assets like communication, remote sensing, navigation etc. and set up their enterprises. However, this would be subject to the regulations laid down by IN-SPACe.

NGEs are encouraged to offer national and international communication services and establish ground-based units of theirs. Moreover, they will have to establish and operate remote sensing satellite systems within and outside India and spread the remote sensing data and their application both within and outside India.

Indian National Space Promotion & Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe)

It is an autonomous government organisation that seeks to promote and authorize space activities in India by issuing various guidelines and regulations. It will act as a single window clearance agency for all space-related projects initiated by government entities as well as non-government entities.

The institution will promote clusters, zones, hubs, incubations centres etc. for space-related activities and will also work with the industry whether national or foreign for the overall growth of the space sector. It will also launch promotion schemes and will take academia into confidence.

IN-SPACe defines industry standards and will create a level playing field for all in the industry. It will allow the setting up of specialised technical facilities by NGEs on the campus of the Department of Science (DOS). Overall, it will enable sharing of best practices and balance the interest of Government Entities and NGEs in ITU filing for orbital resources.

New India Space Limited (NSIL)

NSIL is PSU under the Department of Space responsible for the commercialisation of space technologies and platforms. It works as a private arm of ISRO which manufactures, leases or procures space-related assets. It also services the space-based need of the consumer be it NGEs or Government players.

Implications of  Indian Space Policy – 2023

  1. Socio-Economic Development – The policy is vital for space-based services like navigation, communication etc. as well as the resources stored in space like Helium.
  2. Security – The CDS recently talked about the weaponisation of space at INSS. Space is the 4th domain of war and diplomacy. The one who will control the space will control the global resources like Semiconductors.
  3. Studies related to the protection of the environment and life could be conducted which could help tackle the environmental crisis on Earth.
  4. The policy will help in the peaceful exploration of outer space in light of the outer space treaty, of 1967 and other international conventions.
  5. Finally, It will also lead to greater public awareness and high scientific quest which will create an environment of innovation and zeal in the space sector.

Also Read –

Indian Space Policy 2023-

India-US Summit-

Liberalised Remittances Scheme (LRS)

United Nations – Reforms and UNSC

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