India-US Summit-Defence,Space,China,Russia

Recently, PM Modi on 20th June landed in the United States of America on his 1st state visit to the US. Though PM Modi has been to the US 6 times it would be his 1st state visit as it is a status given to close friends and allies of the US. Moreover, the visit assumes a special place in the scenario of the post-pandemic world, the Russia-Ukraine war, and a formidable China.

In this article, we will discuss his schedule, implications, cautions, and agreements forming his visit. The report will also show the trajectory of US India relationship chronologically. Holistically, the Indian government highlighted Indian interests through the visit.

Schedule

Indo-US Visit

The visit will kickstart from 20th June where he was greeted by the Indian Americans at Andrew Airforce Base. On 21st June, he participated in international yoga day at the UN headquarters in Newyork. The event was also attended by famous actors, businessmen, singers, etc. On the same day, Pm will have dinner with Joe Biden and 1st lady Jill Biden.

On 22nd June, the Indian PM will receive a ceremonial welcome at the white house which will be followed by a high-level meeting between president joe biden and pm modi. The meeting would discuss economic cooperation, strategic discussions and people-to-people connectivity. After it, the PM will address the joint sitting of the US Congress at the invitation of US Congressional leaders like Kevin McCarthy and Chuck Schumer.

Modiji will be the 1st Indian PM and the third in the world to make such an address twice. Earlier he made the address in 2016. At the end of the day, a state dinner will be organized in honour of PM Modi. the state dinner will be attended by diplomats politicians etc.

Day 3 which will be the last day of the visit will offer PM Modi a lunch hosted by Kamla Harris and Secretary of State Antony Blinke. There will also be interaction with  CEOs, and industry heads for business deals and investments. In the end, the PM will address the Indian diaspora at the Ronald Reagan Centre in the evening. After the address, he will leave for Egypt to meet President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi for trade and other issues.

The different arenas of cooperation are:

Technology

$2.75 billion semiconductor assembly and test facilities will be developed in India to make India a part of the robust supply chain of the semiconductor industry. A semiconductor centre for commercialisation and innovation will be set up in India. Moreover, there would be the training of more than 60,000 Indian engineers by US-based Lam Research.

India has been included in a US-based Mineral Security Partnership(MSP). Currently, there are 13 members in MSP including the US, India, the European Commission, Australia, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Sweden, Italy and the UK. The alliance seeks to maintain smooth supply chains of critical minerals including Rare Earth minerals.

There will be an investment of $650 million by India’s Epsilon Carbon Limited in a US greenfield electric vehicle battery component factory. Also, there would be a launch of task forces on the development and deployment of the RAN system.

Space

India announced its decision to sign the Artemis Accord joining the league of 26 nations committed to cooperation in the exploration of space. The accord was established in 2020 by the US and 7 other countries. Moreover, it lays out 13 principles for the peaceful exploration of space. However, it is being seen as a pro-US alliance as China and Russia are not part of it.

There would also be advanced training of the ISRO astronauts by NASA for a joint effort of the International Space Station (ISS) in 2024. Also, there would be development of a strategic framework for human space flight cooperation by the end of 2023.

Defence

A deal was signed between Hindustan Aeronautical Limited (HAL) and US bases General Electric (GE) for the joint production of F414 jet engines in India. However, the Indian version would be F414 – IN56 which was selected by the Aeronautical development agency (ADA) and DRDO. It could be used to power prototypes, advanced medium combat aircraft and fifth-generation fighter aircraft.

The procurement of armed MQ-9B Sea Guardian UAVs will be done by India to increase its intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities. Further, the Mastership Repair Agreement (MSRA) was also concluded between US Navy and L&T shipyard in Chennai. Also, a resolution to operationalise tools to increase defence cooperation, undersea awareness cooperation and place three Indian liaison officers in US commands was finalised.

Moreover, INDUS-X was kickstarted for joint innovation on defence technologies. It was organised by iDEX, the Ministry of Defence and the Department of Defence while hosted by US-India Business Council (USIBC). It also aimed to co-develop and co-produce advanced technology including the areas of space and AI.

People to People Connect

A pilot survey by the US State Department for this year to decide on domestic renewals of plea-based temporary work visas was launched. Also, the US government will open new US consulates in Ahmedabad and Bengaluru. This is combined with the opening of the new Indian Consulate in Seattle in the latter half of this year.

A joint task force between leading scholars from India and US on climate change will be continued to find sustainable solutions for the climate crisis.

Sustainable Development

Both India and US will continue to work towards achieving national climate and energy goal targets. Furthermore, the commitment to create innovative investment platforms to lower the cost of capital and attract international private finance at scale for renewable energy, battery storage, and emerging green technologies in India was reaffirmed.

Health

The Indian and US scientists will now collaborate to develop an AI-enabled digital pathology platform to be utilized for cancer diagnosis. Also, there was the proposal of signing an agreement between the US National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases with the ICMR to fasten the basic, clinical, and translational research on diabetes.

Strategic

There was a call for strict and united action against all UN-listed terrorist groups including Al-Qaeda, ISIS, LeT, JeM, and Hizb Ul Mujahideen. furthermore, both countries condemned cross-border terrorism and proxy terrorism urging Pakistan to take immediate action so that Pak’s territory could not be utilized to launch terrorist operations.

US and India also called for the trial of the perpetrators of the Mumbai 2008 and Pathankot attacks. Moreover, they also agreed to establish a counter-narcotics framework to disrupt the illegal production and international trafficking of illegal drugs.

India also agreed to join the Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative by the US. The initiative seeks to promote a safe, secure, and stable domain and promote its conservation and sustainable use.

Implications (AI-America and India)

  1. Recognition of India as ‘mother of democracy’.
  2. Utilization of US Force multiplier for economic growth as utilized by Japan, Germany, South Korea etc.
  3. Contain the aggression of China on the border (deterrence).
  4. Response to Russia-China ‘no limit’ partnership.
  5. Defense Diversification from Russian Defence Technologies.
  6. Capital and Investment from the US

 

Also Read

Indian Space Policy 2023-

India-US Summit-

Liberalised Remittances Scheme (LRS)

United Nations – Reforms and UNSC

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