Current Affairs – India, CIC, odd-even, Bharat Atta, Deepfake, NSS

The Current Affairs of the world and India are changing fast and rapidly in the Artificial Intelligence (AI) era. Being updated on the essential matters that shape the world is not an option but a necessity. Hence, we at newsviraldaily.com are updating you on the important issues that came into the news recently. we hope that you will admire our efforts.

Odd – Even in Delhi

  • Due to the rise in pollution levels in Delhi NCR, the Delhi Government has decided to bring back the odd-even rules. As evidenced by the name, odd-number vehicles will run on odd days and even-number vehicles on even days.
  • Taxis, EVs and Two-wheelers are exempted from these restrictions. Even women drivers are also exempted from the restrictions.
  • Reduction in the number of vehicles on the roads of Delhi will surely reduce pollution but the effect would be limited due to the presence of two-wheelers (tailpipe) and the tyre, brake wear and tear.

Heeralal Samariya as CIC

  • Heeralal Samariya was appointed as the new Central Information Commission by President Murmu in Rashtrapati Bhavan on Monday.
  • The powers of CICs and ICs are drawn from the Right to Information Act, of 2005. Hence, these are statutory bodies and have legal backing.
  • According to the Right to Information Act, 2005, the CIC and ICs are appointed by the President on the recommendation of a committee headed by the PM and comprising the Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha (in this case the leader of the largest Opposition party) and a Union Minister nominated by the PM.

Appointment of Judges

  • The Supreme Court Collegium chaired by the Chief Justice of India D Y Chandrachud this Monday decided the names of three High Court Chief Justices for promotion as judges of the top court.
  • Delhi High Court Chief Justice Satish Chandra Sharma; Rajasthan High Court Chief Justice Augustine George Masih, and Gauhati High Court Chief Justice Sandeep Mehta are the ones who would be promoted.
  • The President appoints the Judges of the Supreme Court under clause (2) of Article 124 of the Constitution. The President consults with judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts to make informed appointments.
  • According to the third judge case, the advice of the collegium headed by the CJI is binding on the President of India to ensure separation of power.

Opening of Foreign Universities

  • The Australian Education minister confirms that Western Sydney Varsity is going to set up a campus in Bengaluru in 2025.
  • It would be the third Australian University after Deakin University and the University of Wollongong to open a campus in India.
  • Also, the IIT Zanzibar (Tanzania) campus is open in Zanzibar. It is the first abroad IIT.

India – Bhutan

  • A cross-border rail link from Kokrajhar (Assam) to Gelephu (Bhutan) was proposed. Also, a rail link connecting Banarhat in West Bengal to Samaste in Bhutan was proposed.
  • Bhutan also thanked India for their good and timely developmental assistance for their 12th five-year plan (2018-2023).

Bharat Atta

  1. Mr Piyush Goyal, the Union Minister for Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution, launched 100 mobile vans on Monday for the distribution of Bharat Atta.
  2. For Sale, Bharat Atta will be available at physical retail outlets, mobile vans operated by the National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India (NAFED), National Cooperative Consumers’ Federation of India Limited (NCCF), Kendriya Bhandars, and other cooperative outlets.
  3. It is being given to sale at Rs 27.5 per kilogram to curb the inflationary pressure.
  4. The free grains programme is Calculated to cost the government around Rs 2 lakh crore a year and was due to expire at the end of the year. India, which is the world’s second-largest producer of wheat and rice, has already restricted exports of both cereals to curb rising prices in domestic markets.

Deepfake v/s Real

  1. Recently, a deep fake video of Actress Rashmika Madanna was morphed from a video of a British Indian lady. AI-generated videos are advanced but they could be identified through various imperfections like:
  2. These videos project unnatural eye movements and gaze patterns. Also, There are mismatches in colour and lighting.
  3. Deepfake is dependent upon AI-generated audio. Hence, their audio quality is often loaded with mistakes.
  4. Deepakes often place artificial facial expressions.

National Security Strategy

  1. The National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS) is actively collecting insights and inputs from diverse Central ministries and departments, laying the foundation for a comprehensive strategy that will play a pivotal role in safeguarding the nation’s interests.
  2. India’s NSS showcases its first-ever comprehensive document that represents security objectives and strategies. The NSS evolves, addressing both traditional and non-traditional threats while fostering accountability among agencies tasked with implementation. Guiding Holistic Security: The NSS will serve as a guiding framework for military, defence, and security reforms, offering a holistic perspective on national security, threats, and strategies to counter them.
  3. As India marches ahead, this first-hand strategy promises to yield a plan for addressing complex security challenges, ensuring national interests are protected, and nurturing a secure future in a dynamic world.

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